About 50 km from Bangalore, in Chikkaballapur district, there is a village called Muddenahalli. This is the place where the home of Bharat Ratna Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya is situated. There is also a museum built in memory of Visvesvarayya. Visvesvarayya used to study under the street light in front of his house and completed his education. The pillar of this lamp post has been collected and is placed in front of the museum as a memorial. In this museaum we can also see the Bharat Ratna award that he received, the coat he was used to wear when he was a Diwan, his photos with many dignitaries and many artifacts related to the works and acheivements of Visvesvarayya.
September 15th is celebrated as Engineer’s Day because it is on this day India’s greatest engineer Sir M. Visvesvarayya was born. He was born to Srinivasa Shastri and Venkatalakshmamma couple in 1860 at Muddenahalli in Chikkaballapur district. Since his family migrated from Mokshagundam in Andhra Pradesh, his name came to be known as Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya. After completing his primary education at Chikkaballapur, he went to Bangalore for further studies. Visvesvarayya graduated with a degree in arts and later completed a civil engineering education from Pune College.
After completing his education, he took a job in the Department of PWD in Bombay during the British period. He then worked for the Indian Irrigation commission. During this time, he built automatic gates for a water reservoir in Pune. This project was a great success. Based on the success of these gates, he successfully implemented the same at the Krishnaraja Sagar Dam in Mysore. His achievement was recognised and the government of India sent him to Aden in Yemen to study water supply and drainage system. Based on his studies, Visvesvarayya designed a project for this city. It was successfully implemented in Aden! This was his first achievement at International level!
Sir MV was instrumental in developing a system to protect Hyderabad from the floods caused by Moose river. The design of the road between Tirumala and Tirupati was also contributed by Visvesvarayya. His work helped to solve the problem of the sea erosion at the port of Visakhapatnam. In 1908, when he retired from his job, he was proudly welcomed at the then Mysore State. After serving as Chief Engineer for some years, from 1912, he served as Diwan of Mysore for seven years. During this period, he has made amazing contributions to the state of Karnataka and the fame of enormous contributions goes to him. Mysore Soap Factory, Iron and Steel Factory in Bhadravati, State Bank of Mysore are all some of the contributions made by Sir M Visvesvarayya!
The credit of founding the first engineering college of the country in 1917 goes to Sir M.V. Some of the railway lines in Mysore were commissioned by him! Most of the development work of the then Mysore state was attributed to Visvesvarayya. He was awarded the Bharat Ratna in 1955 by the Government of India in recognition to his outstanding service and developmental activities.
Sir. M. Visvesvarayya who led a fulfilling life of 101 years, died in 1962